Continuity and change in shea supply chain governance in Burkina Faso (1890-2019)

Shea fruits, nuts and butter are non-timber forest products of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa), the most widespread tree species in West African parklands. The fruits and butter extracted from its kernels are essential ingredients in the diet of rural communities, and sales of surplus nuts and butter generate crucial income for women.

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Wardell, D.A.,Elias, M.,Zida, M.

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